Glossary

C

Call
Running position of horses in a race at various points.  

Cannon Bone
The third metacarpal (front leg) or metatarsal (rear leg), also referred to as the shin bone. The largest bone between the knee and ankle joints.  

Chalk
Wagering favorite in a race. Dates from the days when on- track bookmakers would write current odds on a chalkboard.  

Chalk Player
Bettor who wagers on favorites.  

Chart
A statistical "picture" of a race (from which past performances are compiled), that shows the position and margin of each horse at designated points of call (depending on the distance of the race), as well as the horses' age, owner, trainer, driver, and the race's purse, conditions, payoff prices, odds, time and other data. 

check(ed)
When a driver slows a horse due to other horses impeding its progress.  

Chestnut
1) A horse color which may vary from a red-yellow to golden- yellow. The mane, tail and legs are usually variations of coat color, except where white markings are present. 2) Horny, irregular growths found on the inside of the legs. On the forelegs, they are just above the knees. On the hind legs, they are just below the hocks. No two horses have been found to have the same chestnuts and so they may be used for identification. Also called "night eyes."  

Chute
Extension of backstretch or homestretch to permit a straight running start in a race as opposed to starting on or near a turn.  

Claiming
Process by which a licensed person may purchase a horse entered in a designated race for a predetermined price. When a horse has been claimed, its new owner assumes title after the starting gate opens although the former owner is entitled to all purse money earned in that race.  

Claiming Box
Box in which claims are deposited before the race.  

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